The National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. More than three decades have passed since the previous Policy. Thus there was a need for a new education policy that will help to transform the Indian Education System.



Current National Education Policy 2020 is approved by Central Cabinet and will need to be approved by both houses of Parliament in order to be implemented as the law. The draft NEP is based on the foundational pillars of access, affordability, equity, quality, and accountability.



 Let`s discuss the New Curriculum and Pedagogy in School which will be followed after the implementation of National Education Policy.


As per the National Policy on Education 1968, 10+2 system of education was followed  in which Grades 1-5 the primary stage, Grades 6-8 the upper primary stage, Grades 9-10 the secondary stage, and Grades 11-12 the higher secondary, pre-university, intermediate, or junior college stage.

A new developmentally appropriate curriculum and pedagogical structure for school education: 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 design.


  • 5 years of the Foundational Stage: 3 years of pre-primary school and Grades 1, 2.
  • 3 years of the Preparatory (or Latter Primary) Stage: Grades 3, 4, 5.
  • 3 years of the Middle (or Upper Primary) Stage: Grades 6, 7, 8.
  • 4 years of the High (or Secondary) Stage: Grades 9, 10, 11, 12.

Now We will be highlighting some of the changes done in the Indian Education System.


1. Reorientation of the content and process of school education: The complete school curriculum will be reoriented to develop holistic learners and develop in learners higher-order skills of critical thinking, creativity, logical the deduction, collaboration/teamwork, social responsibility, multilingualism, quantitative reasoning, and digital literacy. 

The purpose of the reorientation of content is to remove the rote memorization method of study where the student memorizes the topic without any understanding of the topic.



2. Reduce Curriculum Content: Both the 1993 MHRD Yashpal Committee report 1993 “Learning Without Burden” and the NCF 2005 highlighted the great need for reducing our overcrowded curriculum content load in favor of a more engaging, holistic, experiential, and analysis-based form of learning. 

More emphasis is to be provided to the core content and extra content is to be removed so that more emphasis can be to be provided to experimental, analysis based learning.



3. Increased Flexibility in Choices of Course: Students will be given an increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in secondary school - including subjects in physical education, the arts, and vocational crafts - so that they may be free to design their own paths of study and life plans.


4. No hard separation of content in terms of curricular, extra-curricular, or co-curricular areas:

Every subject will be considered as a part of the curriculum instead of an extracurricular or co-curricular. Subjects such as sports, yoga, dance, music, drawing, painting, sculpting, pottery making, woodworking, gardening, and electric work will be considered as the curricular subject, not as extra or co-curricular subjects.

NCERT will work further in preparing syllabus and content for the courses discussed above.


5. No hard separation of "Arts" and "Sciences": Currently after Xth class, there is a hard separation between science, art, and commerce stream. The student has to choose any one of the streams and has to study the subject as per the stream and also is not able to change the subject at a later point of time.

As per the new National Education Policy 2020, there will be flexibility to choose the subject from any stream as per the interest.

For example, a student studying physics can take History and study it along with physics.



6. No hard separation of  "Vocational" and "Academic" streams: In the Middle and Secondary stage, more emphasis will be provided to vocational subjects as well and there will not be any difference between the academics and vocational subjects. All students will take vocational courses which will be an integral part of the formal curriculum, and will give learners in-depth exposure to areas such as agriculture, electronics, local trades and crafts, etc.


7. Education in local Languages: 


Since children learn languages most quickly between 2-8 years, and multilingualism has great cognitive benefits for students, children will be immersed in three languages early on, from the Foundational Stage.

At least until the class 5th but preferably till class 8th, the medium of instruction will be Mother Tongue/ Home Language/ Local Language. High-quality textbooks, including in science, will be made available in home languages as is needed and feasible, e.g. via the Indian Translation and Interpretation Mission.



Children learn languages extremely quickly when immersed early, and multilingual children in studies around the world have also been found to learn faster and be placed better later in life than those who are unilingual.

English will be taught just as a language but education will be delivered in local/home language because as per the studies student learn subjects better when they are taught in their mother tongue.


7. Learning science bilingually: Science will be taught bilingually both in Local Language and English. Students will be able to better learn and there will not be any language barrier in studies.


8. Foreign language offerings in secondary school: During Secondary school, the optional subject will be provided in the form of Foreign language. Any student who wishes to learn a foreign language such as french, german, Spanish, Japanese, etc. can learn by taking it as an elective subject.

9. Study of Sanskrit and knowledge of its extensive literature:  A large number of knowledgable text in the field of Medicine, Literature, Astrology, Mathematics, Economics, law, music, science is written in Sanskrit.

Sanskrit will be offered as an optional subject at all levels of Indian Education systems. Sanskrit textbooks at the Foundational and Middle school level may be rewritten in Simple Standard Sanskrit (SSS) in order to teach Sanskrit through Sanskrit (STS) and make its study truly enjoyable.

10. Implementation of Three Language Formula:  As per research it is found that multilingualism has great cognitive benefits to students. Children will now be immersed in three languages early on, starting from the Foundational Stage onwards.


11. Vocational Exposure:  The basic knowledge of various livelihood and life skills such as gardening, pottery, wood-work, electric work, etc. will be provided in the Middle stage 6-8th  class level. Appropriate Vocational courses will also be provided at the secondary school level.

12. Restructuring of Board Exams: Board exams will be easy and more emphasis will be provided to test core concepts and skills.


13. Establish topic-centered and project-based clubs at the school, school complex, block, and district levels: Like Colleges, different clubs will be functional in schools based on topics, projects, etc. These clubs will help the student to meet with the like-minded student and will get a platform to showcase their skills and also will get an opportunity to meet student with challenging caliber.


14. Computer Language will be taught at 6-8th Class: Currently, computer language is taught in the 9th class but after the implementation of new education policy than the student will be taught computer language after the 5th class itself.

Computer Languages help to improve logical thinking due to which it has been decided to include it in the middle stage of the education system.


Source: MHRD site


Final Thoughts


New National Education Policy was the need of the hour as due to COVID 19 economy in the world is changing and bringing new opportunities not only in academics but also in vocational sectors.

National Education Policy provides a lot of flexibility and helps students develop serious interest in the subject which he/she was to study. I think it is a great move by the Narendra Modi Government.

Please do let me know your valuable suggestion and feedback in the comment section.





How does National Education Policy 2020 effects Indian Schools Education?





The National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. More than three decades have passed since the previous Policy. Thus there was a need for a new education policy that will help to transform the Indian Education System.



Current National Education Policy 2020 is approved by Central Cabinet and will need to be approved by both houses of Parliament in order to be implemented as the law. The draft NEP is based on the foundational pillars of access, affordability, equity, quality, and accountability.



 Let`s discuss the New Curriculum and Pedagogy in School which will be followed after the implementation of National Education Policy.


As per the National Policy on Education 1968, 10+2 system of education was followed  in which Grades 1-5 the primary stage, Grades 6-8 the upper primary stage, Grades 9-10 the secondary stage, and Grades 11-12 the higher secondary, pre-university, intermediate, or junior college stage.

A new developmentally appropriate curriculum and pedagogical structure for school education: 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 design.


  • 5 years of the Foundational Stage: 3 years of pre-primary school and Grades 1, 2.
  • 3 years of the Preparatory (or Latter Primary) Stage: Grades 3, 4, 5.
  • 3 years of the Middle (or Upper Primary) Stage: Grades 6, 7, 8.
  • 4 years of the High (or Secondary) Stage: Grades 9, 10, 11, 12.

Now We will be highlighting some of the changes done in the Indian Education System.


1. Reorientation of the content and process of school education: The complete school curriculum will be reoriented to develop holistic learners and develop in learners higher-order skills of critical thinking, creativity, logical the deduction, collaboration/teamwork, social responsibility, multilingualism, quantitative reasoning, and digital literacy. 

The purpose of the reorientation of content is to remove the rote memorization method of study where the student memorizes the topic without any understanding of the topic.



2. Reduce Curriculum Content: Both the 1993 MHRD Yashpal Committee report 1993 “Learning Without Burden” and the NCF 2005 highlighted the great need for reducing our overcrowded curriculum content load in favor of a more engaging, holistic, experiential, and analysis-based form of learning. 

More emphasis is to be provided to the core content and extra content is to be removed so that more emphasis can be to be provided to experimental, analysis based learning.



3. Increased Flexibility in Choices of Course: Students will be given an increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in secondary school - including subjects in physical education, the arts, and vocational crafts - so that they may be free to design their own paths of study and life plans.


4. No hard separation of content in terms of curricular, extra-curricular, or co-curricular areas:

Every subject will be considered as a part of the curriculum instead of an extracurricular or co-curricular. Subjects such as sports, yoga, dance, music, drawing, painting, sculpting, pottery making, woodworking, gardening, and electric work will be considered as the curricular subject, not as extra or co-curricular subjects.

NCERT will work further in preparing syllabus and content for the courses discussed above.


5. No hard separation of "Arts" and "Sciences": Currently after Xth class, there is a hard separation between science, art, and commerce stream. The student has to choose any one of the streams and has to study the subject as per the stream and also is not able to change the subject at a later point of time.

As per the new National Education Policy 2020, there will be flexibility to choose the subject from any stream as per the interest.

For example, a student studying physics can take History and study it along with physics.



6. No hard separation of  "Vocational" and "Academic" streams: In the Middle and Secondary stage, more emphasis will be provided to vocational subjects as well and there will not be any difference between the academics and vocational subjects. All students will take vocational courses which will be an integral part of the formal curriculum, and will give learners in-depth exposure to areas such as agriculture, electronics, local trades and crafts, etc.


7. Education in local Languages: 


Since children learn languages most quickly between 2-8 years, and multilingualism has great cognitive benefits for students, children will be immersed in three languages early on, from the Foundational Stage.

At least until the class 5th but preferably till class 8th, the medium of instruction will be Mother Tongue/ Home Language/ Local Language. High-quality textbooks, including in science, will be made available in home languages as is needed and feasible, e.g. via the Indian Translation and Interpretation Mission.



Children learn languages extremely quickly when immersed early, and multilingual children in studies around the world have also been found to learn faster and be placed better later in life than those who are unilingual.

English will be taught just as a language but education will be delivered in local/home language because as per the studies student learn subjects better when they are taught in their mother tongue.


7. Learning science bilingually: Science will be taught bilingually both in Local Language and English. Students will be able to better learn and there will not be any language barrier in studies.


8. Foreign language offerings in secondary school: During Secondary school, the optional subject will be provided in the form of Foreign language. Any student who wishes to learn a foreign language such as french, german, Spanish, Japanese, etc. can learn by taking it as an elective subject.

9. Study of Sanskrit and knowledge of its extensive literature:  A large number of knowledgable text in the field of Medicine, Literature, Astrology, Mathematics, Economics, law, music, science is written in Sanskrit.

Sanskrit will be offered as an optional subject at all levels of Indian Education systems. Sanskrit textbooks at the Foundational and Middle school level may be rewritten in Simple Standard Sanskrit (SSS) in order to teach Sanskrit through Sanskrit (STS) and make its study truly enjoyable.

10. Implementation of Three Language Formula:  As per research it is found that multilingualism has great cognitive benefits to students. Children will now be immersed in three languages early on, starting from the Foundational Stage onwards.


11. Vocational Exposure:  The basic knowledge of various livelihood and life skills such as gardening, pottery, wood-work, electric work, etc. will be provided in the Middle stage 6-8th  class level. Appropriate Vocational courses will also be provided at the secondary school level.

12. Restructuring of Board Exams: Board exams will be easy and more emphasis will be provided to test core concepts and skills.


13. Establish topic-centered and project-based clubs at the school, school complex, block, and district levels: Like Colleges, different clubs will be functional in schools based on topics, projects, etc. These clubs will help the student to meet with the like-minded student and will get a platform to showcase their skills and also will get an opportunity to meet student with challenging caliber.


14. Computer Language will be taught at 6-8th Class: Currently, computer language is taught in the 9th class but after the implementation of new education policy than the student will be taught computer language after the 5th class itself.

Computer Languages help to improve logical thinking due to which it has been decided to include it in the middle stage of the education system.


Source: MHRD site


Final Thoughts


New National Education Policy was the need of the hour as due to COVID 19 economy in the world is changing and bringing new opportunities not only in academics but also in vocational sectors.

National Education Policy provides a lot of flexibility and helps students develop serious interest in the subject which he/she was to study. I think it is a great move by the Narendra Modi Government.

Please do let me know your valuable suggestion and feedback in the comment section.





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